How to Become a Family Nurse Practitioner
There are several steps to becoming a family nurse practitioner (FNP). Prior education, certification, and clinical practice are among the many requirements for acceptance to a nurse practitioner program. Here is a step-by-step path you can take to become a FNP:
Steps to Become a Family Nurse Practitioner
- Scroll toBecome a Registered Nurse
- Scroll toApply and Complete an Accredited FNP Program
- Scroll toApply for the FNP Credential from ANCC or AANP
- Scroll toApply to Become a State Certified FNP
- Scroll toRenew Your Certification
Become a registered nurse (RN). In order to apply to a family nurse practitioner program, you must have completed a degree in registered nursing and be certified as a registered nurse in a U.S. state or territory. Passing the NCLEX-RN examination is required for certification as a registered nurse. Working one to two years before applying for a nurse practitioner program is highly recommended.
Apply to accredited FNP programs. Look for accredited programs by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE) or the Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing (ACEN). These programs must be master’s, postgraduate or doctoral programs. Complete your FNP program. According to the 2016 Criteria for Evaluation of Nurse Practitioner Programs minimum of 500 clinical, supervised patient care hours are required for all accredited FNP programs and future FNPs. Applicants must have completed graduate-level courses in physiology, health assessment and pharmacology to sit for the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) certification exam.
Apply for the FNP Credential from ANCC or AANP. There are two certifications offered by different organizations, the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) and the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP).
The AANP Family Nurse Practitioner Certification exam is 150 questions assessing knowledge areas such as health history, clinical decision-making, patient education, evidence-informed practice, and much more.
The ANCC Family Nurse Practitioner Certification exam is 175-200 questions surrounding assessments, pharmacotherapeutics, age-appropriate interventions, regulatory guidelines and much more.
Learn more about the difference between AANP and ANCC FNP exams
Apply to Become a State Certified FNP. Go to our state's nursing requirements page to find out how to apply in your area. Many of these applications can be submitted online.
Renew Your Certification. Once you have earned your Family Nurse Practitioner certification, it must be renewed every five years, according to the ANCC Family Nurse Practitioner Certification renewal requirements. In addition to renewing certification through the board, renewal through the state is also required and may require additional fulfillment of continuing education contact hours.
Family Nurse Practitioner Roles and Responsibilities
Because of their high level of education, expertise and skill, Family Nurse Practitioners (FNP) will often take on some of the roles of a physician. However, they will still generally work under the supervision of, or in close conjunction with, a physician. FNPs must be able to offer the care and support consistent with high-quality nursing to patients and families, diagnosing and treating patients across a wide variety of conditions. Here are some of the core duties of family nurse practitioners:
FNPs are expected to educate their patients and the families of their patients. This can cover a wide variety of subjects, including childbirth and care for newborns with expectant mothers, methods for managing cholesterol or stress in aging patients, geriatric issues with the elderly, and many other topics. Education is the front line in the battle against preventable diseases.
A family nurse practitioner must be able to effectively diagnose patients across a wide variety of age ranges, which places them in the role of the diagnostician. FNPs often have access to the patient’s medical history, as well as the ability to order tests, and will combine all of this information with physical symptoms to formulate an informed diagnosis.
After diagnosing a patient, FNPs will then transition into the role of a provider of treatment. These duties may vary on a state-to-state basis but mainly consists of ordering or performing diagnostic tests, prescribing medications, and treating any and all injuries or chronic illnesses that fall under primary care.
Learn more about nurse practitioner prescriptive authority.
FNPs, while having a wide range of skills and training, do not work completely alone. It is paramount to the successful career of a family nurse practitioners to collaborate with fellow healthcare professionals to discuss best practices, tough decisions, and the results of treatments.
With so many distinct and equally important roles to fill, the responsibilities of a Family Nurse Practitioner are many. Highly educated and highly experienced Family Nurse Practitioners are incredibly valuable healthcare professionals, especially now that the U.S. healthcare system is evolving to serve a higher number of people in need at the same, or even lower, cost.
Family Nurse Practitioner Programs
Family nurse practitioner education programs are designed for RNs who are looking to advance their nursing careers in a family-oriented, primary care setting.
The ANCC administers the certification exam to graduates of an accredited family nurse practitioner education program who have completed at least 500 hours of faculty-supervised clinical work experience as a family nurse practitioner.
In addition, graduate-level courses in physiology, health assessment and pharmacology must be completed to sit for the ANCC certification exam and, ultimately, become a family nurse practitioner.
Family Nurse Practitioner Certification
The American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), which certifies nurses in specialty practice areas, offers only one certification specifically for Family Nurse Practitioners: the Family Nurse Practitioner Certification. The FNP Certification is awarded through an examination assessing the clinical knowledge and skills of Family Nurse Practitioners.
Eligibility requirements for the examination includes a current, active Registered Nurse (RN) license and a master’s, postgraduate, or doctoral degree from an accredited FNP program.
The FNP Certification is valid for five years. Renewal requires 75 hours of continuing education, with at least 25 hours in pharmacotherapeutics, as well as a current, active RN license.
How to apply for FNP certification?
There are two accredited certifying agencies where you can get an FNP certification:
Type of Certification: FNP-BC (Family Nurse Practitioner—Board Certified)
Eligibility Requirements: Active RN license, master’s degree or higher from a Family Nurse Practitioner program accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE) or the Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing (ACEN) with at least 500 clinical hours
Certification Process: Initial application, followed by a computer-based exam (offered year-round, but must be taken within 90 days whenever the application is processed)
- $295 for American Nurses Association (ANA) members
- $340 for American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) members
- $290 for AANP student members
- $395 for non-members
- Certifications must be renewed every five years.
- Renewal fees of
- $275 for ANA members
- $296 for AANP members
- $375 for non-members
Types of Certification: Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP)
Eligibility Requirements: From the AANP candidate handbook, requirements for this certification include a master’s degree or higher from an approved nurse practitioner program and a current RN license
Certification Process: Initial online application, followed by a computer-based exam at a testing center.
Fees: According to the AANP’s application for FNP certification, fees are $240 for AANP members or $315 for non-members
Renewal: Nurse practitioners certified by the AANP Certification Program must recertify every five years, according to AANP renewal requirements. by sitting for the appropriate examination or by meeting the clinical practice and continuing education requirements established for recertification.
- Renewal Fees for Recertification by Exam
- AANP Members - $240; non-members - $315
- By Paper Application: AANP Members - $290; non-members - $365
- Renewal Fees for Recertification by Practice Hours and CE
- AANP Members - $120; non-members $195
- By Paper Application: AANP Members - $170; non-members - $245
Family Nurse Practitioner Salary - How Much Do FNPs Make?
On average, family nurse practitioners are well compensated, even in entry-level positions. The average salary for a nurse practitioner is $110,030 according to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) as of March 2019.
In addition to a salary, many FNPs also receive annual bonuses. They may also receive additional compensation through initiatives such as profit-sharing incentives. A wide variety of factors influence the salaries of family nurse practitioners, including education and training, areas of specialization, geographic location and type of employer.