New York State Nursing Profile
New York Nurse Licensure
Nursing licensure is governed by the New York State Department of Education. To become a licensed nurse practitioner, you must be currently licensed by the State of New York as a registered nurse and meet the educational requirements for your specialty of interest. Current nursing specialty areas include adult, school, college, community or family health, acute care, holistic care, obstetrics/gynecology, oncology, neonatology, pediatrics, gerontology, palliative care, perinatology, psychiatry, and women’s health. A nurse practitioner may be licensed in more than one specialty area.
Underserved Areas in New York
The federal government uses the Health Professional Shortage Area (HPSA) designation to describe communities that have a shortage of primary care, dental, or mental health care providers. In a 2010 report presented to the New York State Legislature by the State Department of Health, 179 HPSAs with primary care shortages were identified in New York State. Nearly one in four of all New York State residents (or about 4.6 million people) lives in one of these HPSAs.
Primary care HPSAs correlate to some of the most financially impoverished communities in New York State. Due to the difficulty in recruiting and retaining physicians in HPSAs, there is an unsatisfied demand for primary care doctors in New York State. In many health care facilities, nurse practitioners and licensed midwives fill vacancies in medical care. Since 1997, the increased number of licensed nurse practitioners (NPs) in New York suggests that a new model of health care is emerging – with preventative treatments and routine exams provided by nurse practitioners.
Despite an increasing reliance on advanced practice nurses, a survey conducted by the New York Department of Health (DOH) found that hospitals and nursing homes are having problems recruiting and training nursing professionals to fill their demands. Many health care providers are using incentives, such as income guarantees, sign-on bonuses, and reimbursement for professional training, to attract nursing professionals to jobs in New York.
Age Demographics of New York Nurses
The age of the New York nursing population is another factor affecting the nursing shortage. According to data in a report released by the New York State Nursing Workforce Center, the average age of nurses in the state is 50 years old. Many of these nurses will be moving into retirement over the next two decades and will need to be replaced by new nurses.
New York Nursing Salaries
The New York Department of Health reports that the starting salary for a newly trained nurse practitioner is in the range of $50,000 to $74,999. For additional information about nurse practitioner careers in New York, visit the Web site of the New York State Nurses Association (NYSNA). The association provides information about nursing practice, continuing education, and legislative advocacy for the nursing profession in New York.